Sisitemu yo gutembera mumijyi -umurongo wamazi

Hamwe no kwihutisha imijyi mu gihugu cyacu, ibiza bimwe na bimwe by’amazi byagaragaye mu turere tumwe na tumwe.Muri Nyakanga 2021, Intara ya Henan yahuye n’imvura nyinshi cyane, itera amazi menshi mu mujyi ndetse n’umwuzure wa metero, bituma habaho igihombo kinini cy’ubukungu ndetse n’impanuka. Muri Kanama 2020, Intara ya Sichuan yaguye imvura nyinshi ikomeje kwangiza inkombe z’umugezi, yuzuza imihanda yo mu mijyi, n'imodoka zamugaye, zagize ingaruka cyane mubuzima bwabaturage.Ibi bibazo byamazi ni ibisubizo byuburyo bwagutse bwo kubaka imijyi, kwiyongera kwamazu yubatswe, no kugabanuka kwicyatsi.Nibigaragaza kandi ubushobozi budahagije bwamazi yo mumijyi.

Mu myaka yashize, kubaka umujyi wa sponge byabaye kimwe mubikorwa byingenzi byo kubaka imijyi no guhindura.

Mu bisabwa mu iyubakwa ry’imijyi ya sponge, havugwa ko imvi n’icyatsi bigomba guhuzwa, ibikorwa by’iterambere bitagira ingaruka nke bigomba guhuzwa na sisitemu yo kuvoma amakomine, kandi ibikorwa by’iterambere ridafite ingaruka nke bigomba gukoreshwa mu gukoresha amazi yimvura mugihe imvura ari nto, amazi yimvura hejuru yumuhanda harakusanyirizwa hamwe kandi bigatwarwa mugihe binyuze mumazi ya komine iyo imvura ari nyinshi.Ikibazo cy’amazi yo mu mijyi ntikigaragarira gusa mu cyatsi kibisi cy’umujyi, ahubwo no mu bushobozi budahagije bw’amazi yo muri uyu mujyi bwite.

Nkigice cyingenzi cya sisitemu yo kuvoma imijyi, imiyoboro yamazi igira uruhare mukusanya amazi yimvura.Imisozi n'ibikoresho byemejwe mugushushanya imiyoboro y'amazi birashobora kugira uruhare rwo gutandukana, kwihutisha imiyoboro y'amazi y'imvura, kandi bikagabanya neza kugaragara kw’amazi yo mu mijyi. .Imiyoboro y'amazi ni ahantu h'amazi y'imvura ashyirwaho mugihe gisanzwe kumihanda no kumuhanda kugirango akusanyirize hamwe asohore amazi yimvura.Imiyoboro y'amazi ni amasoko y'amazi y'imvura ahora atunganijwe kumihanda no kumuhanda, uhuza amasoko yose yimvura kumurongo.Bafite umurimo wo gukusanya amazi vuba kubutaka, bigatuma amazi yimvura yubutaka agabanywa muburyo bukwiye imiyoboro yumuyoboro wamazi yo mumijyi igatemba.

Mubihe byashize igishushanyo mbonera cyimijyi nigishushanyo mbonera, kubera gutekereza kubiciro, imijyi myinshi yakoresheje imiyoboro yo gutobora.Ubwo bwoko bwamazi yo mu mwobo burashobora gukenera imiyoboro mito mito ikenewe, kandi igishushanyo mbonera nubwubatsi biroroshye.Nyamara, imiyoboro y'amazi ya s bikunda guhura nikibazo cyamazi runaka yahagaritswe, bigatuma amazi menshi yegeranya muri kariya gace.Byongeye kandi, mugihe cyimvura ikomeje kugwa, biroroshye gutera amazi mumuhanda kubera ubushobozi budahagije bwo gufata amazi, bikagira ingaruka kuburugendo rwa buri munsi.

Kubwibyo, hamwe niterambere ryimijyi, gahunda yumwimerere yumujyi igomba guhinduka, kandi imiyoboro ya point de tronc ifite ubushobozi buke bwo gutwara amazi isimburwa numuyoboro uva kumurongo ufite umutwaro mwinshi wamazi. Usibye ubushobozi bwogutwara neza, imiyoboro y'amazi. zashizweho kugirango zihore zitondekanya imiyoboro y’amazi kumurongo. Ihungabana ryamazi yumurongo wumurongo wumurongo uratera imbere cyane, kuburyo ntihazaba ahantu hanini h’amazi menshi mu gice cy’amazi kubera guhagarika ikibanza runaka cy’amazi.At icyarimwe, imiyoboro yumurongo irashobora gukoreshwa ahantu henshi.Usibye kuba ibereye mumihanda ya komini ninzira nyabagendwa, birashobora no gukoreshwa kubibuga byindege, parike yinganda nahandi.Imiyoboro itobora umurongo ni modular sisitemu igizwe nibice bitandukanye.Module ihuza ibintu bitandukanye irashobora guhura nabakiriya batandukanye.Igitekerezo cyihariye cyo gushushanya nacyo gitanga umwanya munini wo gutekereza kubashushanya.Nibicuruzwa byizewe kandi byizewe mubijyanye nubwubatsi bugezweho kandi nikimwe mubice byingenzi bigize sisitemu yo kuvoma imijyi igezweho.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Nzeri-26-2023